MOLDOVA

In Moldova, Law on Cinematography was adopted in 2014 and provided conditions for establishing in 2015 the National Cinema Center (Centrului Naţional al Cinematografiei, CNC). The authors of the law created a general legal framework, still it is to be completed with further Regulations (on Film
Financing, Film Distribution, Film Registry, Film Archive, etc.) that according to Moldovan laws can be adopted by the government without passing them through the complex voting in Parliament. While the Regulation on Film Financing is been developed state support is limited by covering operational costs of the CNC and state-owned studio Moldova Film. According to the head of the CNC Ministry of
Culture has allocated 8 million leu (about €370,000) for the needs of film industry development in 2017. Still there is no clearly defined system of distribution of the state funding by the CNC.

Before the establishing of the National Cinema Center Moldova Film, as a state-owned studio was the only institution that could apply and receive funding for film production. Their applications for funding were made directly to the Ministry of Culture and they only received funding for production of film projects which could be seen as orientated towards government priorities, a pattern they have
followed for the last 20 years or more. Private companies were not eligible to apply for funding because of the system of ‘state orders’. Since the state owns Moldova Film, it seemed bureaucratically illogical to involve other production companies.

Moldova joined the European Convention on Cinematographic Co-productions in 2011 but has not been able to make use of it because of the absence of a legislative base for defining a Moldovan
‘national’ film which is a requirement for ‘official’ international co-productions. Although quite a lot of cooperation has been going on with Romania in the audiovisual area, apart from that Moldova has not been particularly active in terms of co-production activity. The situation is expected to change in 2017.

In 2015 Moldova became the second (after Georgia) Eastern Partnership country to join the EU
Creative Europe Programme. It has full access to Culture sub-programme while four directions of
Media sub-programme are available: Training, Festivals, Audience Development, Market Access. So far the only grant (€35 000) has been awarded to the International Documentary Film Festival Cronograf.